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November 2006

Encouraging Entrepreneurial Volunteering

By Susan J. Ellis

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Last week I had lunch with a number of staff members from Temple University’s Center for Intergenerational Learning (http://templecil.org/index.htm), a national resource started in 1979 “dedicated to strengthening communities by bringing generations together to meet the needs of individuals and families throughout the life cycle.”  It’s a bustling, innovative place.  The focus of my contact was their “Coming of Age” program (http://www.comingofage.org/), which – as it says on its Web site – “promotes age 50+ civic engagement and learning in Greater Philadelphia.”

It was the discussion about the term “civic engagement” that sparked this Hot Topic.  While Coming of Age and the Center itself are deeply involved in supporting volunteering of all sorts, these colleagues took pains to distinguish their efforts as “bigger than just volunteering.”  Pressed to explain further, they quoted research and observation that Baby Boomers want something “different” from traditional volunteer work, particularly more entrepreneurial, take-this-and-run-with-it opportunities. 

On one hand, there are some uses of the term “civic engagement” that are indeed broader in scope.  For example, it can include urging people to vote or even to run for office – to exercise their obligations and potential power as citizens.  It can mean participation in school board hearings, protesting zoning changes, and other public action for the political common good.  While one could argue that such activities also fit under the broad umbrella of “volunteering” (as they are voluntary and unremunerated), they also could be seen as the exercise of the responsibilities of citizenship rather than the “above and beyond” of volunteering for a cause. 

But if you browse the Coming of Age Web site, you’ll soon see that they are mainly urging volunteer involvement, though they prefer the phrase “civic engagement.” Frequent readers will know that a recurring theme of my Hot Topics over the years has been the entrenched perception of volunteering as denoting low-level, free help. Renaming volunteering to civic engagement is simply one more attempt to make the presumed unappealing more appealing.

The Light Bulb Comes On

In the days following this lunch conversation, I found myself mulling over the implications.  First I thought the usual:  if only volunteer program managers were better (or louder) at telling the story of all the incredible activities volunteers are already doing.   But then I saw the entire situation in a completely different light.

I am a strong advocate of applying targeting marketing techniques to recruit the best volunteers.  To do this, I advise designing meaningful volunteer position descriptions first.  And this process works.

But this traditional approach also reinforces the conventional idea that it is the role of the organization both to define the needs and to select the ways the needs will be met.  This is fine up to a point.  But it perpetuates the notion that volunteers are “helpers,” the enthusiastic labor bringing the organization’s strategies to life.  Pre-developed assignments also do not welcome totally new approaches to the problems at hand, may not evoke discovery of unexpected talents offered by a prospective volunteer, and therefore can lead to squeezing square pegs into round holes.

What would happen if, instead, we crafted at least some of our recruitment messages differently?  What if we described the needs but then put out a call for people with creative ideas for how to meet them?  That would even go beyond civic engagement to social entrepreneurship, yet another 21st century phrase adding some pizzazz to volunteering.

For example:

  • Our community has a long list of elderly people living alone who have few family members or friends for support.  We are providing services such as visiting nurses and home chore service, but this does not meet the need for socializing, or for feeling valued and wanted.  So we are seeking volunteers with some great ideas for putting smiles on our clients’ faces.  What can you do to make this happen?
  • The number of arrests of juveniles for violent crimes is increasing.  The police and the courts are doing what they can within the process of law, but clearly more needs to be done to prevent delinquency and to deter recidivism.   As a member of the community, can you suggest some new approaches to this problem – and give your time and energy to test out your ideas?
  • The community orchestra is always in need of more money and we run several fun and revenue-producing events throughout the year (with which you can help in various ways, too!).   But we know that these events do not appeal to everyone who might want to support our vital performances.  How would you put the “fun” into fundraising?  Work with us to experiment with an event you would attend and see if you can challenge the amount of income produced now.

Consider the premises on which these appeals are based:

  1. It is possible that someone outside the organization may, in fact, have a great idea no one has yet developed inside it.   Innovative thinking can come from the most unexpected places.  Why not discover and harness it?
  1. Some people (maybe Baby Boomers, but also others) are more attracted to being innovators than to filling an established assignment, no matter how valid the assignment may be.  So offering a chance to be creative or experimental may recruit a totally new population of volunteers.
  1. People who participate in crafting the goals and strategies of their work are always more vested in the outcomes (which is as true of paid staff as of volunteers).  So this may be a counterbalance to the trend towards single-day service, which is the quintessential expression of “here’s my energy for a few hours, but not my commitment.”

But, But, But…

I can hear the objections now, so let me also clarify a bit more.

First and foremost, I would never suggest that you should word the invitation to be entrepreneurial as a promise to act on every idea offered.  Of course not.  Some ideas will be foolish, or expensive, or even illegal (not necessarily criminal, but against health and safety standards, for example).  So your recruitment message must be clear in stipulating that you are seeking ideas, will consider them all carefully, but retain final say over what is done in the name of your organization. 

The important thing, however, is to get a wide range of people thinking on your behalf!  Even an unworkable idea can potentially have the seed of a concept that leads to something quite extraordinary.  But only if you and others in your organization genuinely welcome out-of-the-box points of view.

Next, the person who has a great idea may be completely unable to strategize how to make it real.  So you also do not want to promise that acceptance of a concept means the volunteer will be in charge.

You also do not have to ask for completely new approaches.  If you definitely want to continue one-to-one at-home visiting, recruit for new ideas for activities to be done during the visit, or on different schedules, or whatever.  Rather than a new fundraising event, elicit creativity for “fringe” activities to raise more money around it.  And so on.

Finally, if you do not want to give new volunteers the reins to enact their ideas directly, allow them to be a think tank at the preparation phase, or advisors throughout the process.

Whether we are dealing in social entrepreneurship, civic engagement, donated professional services, pro bono work, or – dare we say it? – volunteering, our mission is to mobilize as wide a spectrum of community members as possible to meet real needs.  We can rise to the challenge of living up to a new name.  As long as we also shine a spotlight on what’s already being done by volunteers that’s worthy of note, and perhaps surprising to the uninitiated.

  • What do you think of this approach?
  • Are you already recruiting entrepreneurial or creative volunteers?  How is it working for you?
  • Has this essay suggested a need around which you might ask for strategic help?  Please share.

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Have you read Susan's books? She's authored 14!

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By the PeopleBy the People: A History of Americans as Volunteers

Newly revised and updated, this book remains the only presentation of the full scope and depth of volunteer activity throughout three centuries of American history.

 

Volunteer Management Audit
A validating tool for analyzing the effectiveness of an organization's volunteer management practices, with complete Scoresheets and instructions to conduct the process successfully.

 

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How to integrate volunteers under the age of 14 into an existing adult volunteer program: multi-age teams, designing work, preparing the agency, liaisoning with schools, and legal issues.

 

Book coverThe (Help!) I-Don't-Have-Enough-Time Guide to Volunteer Management

Managing a volunteer program part-time? Or just not enough hours in a day? Full task analysis of the job of volunteer program manager, how to build a management team and engage volunteers in leadership of the program.

 

Book coverLeading the Way to Successful Volunteer Involvement: Practical Tools for Busy Executives

A set of checklists, worksheets, idea stimulators, and other practical guides for senior-level leaders to incorporate volunteer involvement as a key ingredient in the overall strategy of an organization.

 

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