As promised last month, this new Hot Topic will discuss why I believe it’s important for a professional association to start with (and usually maintain) a single-nation focus rather than an international one. Because of the sudden dissolution of AVA (see the March Hot Topic), I’m going to talk about the situation in the United States, but the points I hope to make are applicable to any country – just change the specifics!
News/Update as of August 3, 2006: Announcement of the Congress of Volunteer Administrator Associations for the US (the next step in planning the future of our profession).
The Incredibly Difficult Challenge of Being an “International” Association
Energize, Inc. provides services and publications internationally and has tried to build this Web site and our journal, e-Volunteerism, to be of help to colleagues anywhere. But we know our limits. For one thing, this is obviously and realistically an English-language site. For another, we know enough about the diversity of the world to know that we simply cannot speak with authority about what might work or not in other countries. We offer information and encourage site visitors and clients to adapt it as needed.
So, when I think about a professional association for volunteer program leaders, I conclude that it is incredibly difficult to be an international association – just look at the United Nations if you don’t believe me! The obstacles to success are enormous and include:
- Language – A truly international organization cannot provide service in only the English language. Even with a half-dozen languages in use, many countries will feel left out. Besides, there is a huge difference between translation and interpretation, the latter being what is really needed to convey the same message to different cultures.
- Distance for communication and meetings – Even the smallest state will find that residents complain about “how far” it is to travel to an event in another city; this is multiplied many-fold when a conference is in another part of the country; and it becomes monumental when people need to cross national borders. Also, while it difficult to have “a presence on the ground” locally with a national organization, it’s impossible internationally.
- Cost – Many languages and long distances greatly raise the costs of running an association.
- Membership imbalance – No matter how sincere the recruitment, the country hosting the office of the association, and/or whose language is the primary one used, will always have the greatest number of members from that country. This leads to yet another real problem: in an attempt to be “fair” to all the countries in the membership, the majority group is treated as equal to the minority membership. This effectively leaves the majority with less services than they deserve.
- Credibility/legitimacy – An international group cannot claim to represent all colleagues in a single country and therefore cannot expect to be accepted as the profession’s “voice” to any national government.
- Competition with existing national associations – As I said last month, a growing number of countries today have their own national volunteerism associations, many of which are doing fine work. A self-proclaimed international body seeking individual practitioners as members is therefore competing with the local group. For that matter, there are already some international groups, notably IAVE (International Association for Volunteer Effort, www.iave.org) and UNV (United Nations Volunteers, https://www.unv.org/). Such national and international organizations ought to collaborate with one another by coming together as equal partners.
- Scattered and non-accountable board of directors – Again, in an attempt to prove its international intentions, a global association will try to name board members from a variety of countries, thereby not representing the bulk of their members (who, remember, come from only a few countries). This sets up a situation in which the board cannot function easily as a group, and cannot give needed oversight to the association’s staff and work.
Depending on where in the world an association is operating, these issues may also affect the success of a regional organization – an issue affecting colleagues in the existing Australasian Association of Volunteer Administrators (AAVA, www.aava.asn.au) or those considering forming a Southeast Asia group. Just look at how hard it might be to have a North American group: some Americans are forbidden by their funding to travel to events in Canada, we have different holidays, Canadians have more labor unions and government-run facilities, and other substantive differences. And, by the way, there is an existing Canadian Administrators of Volunteer Resources (CAVR). Meanwhile, what about Mexico? It’s been ignored by volunteer management folks in both the US and Canada (there’s that language thing again).
I should note, however, that it might be possible to have a viable regional association, providing that there are separate national divisions that allow colleagues in the same country to work together when necessary on issues affecting only their country and not the whole region.
The Role of a National Professional Association
Now, let’s look at what is good about forming a strong national association. Again this is particularly pertinent in the United States where we have been without one for some time, but the concepts apply anywhere.
An effective national association could/should:
- Aim for high membership numbers representing the full scope of our field. Conservatively there are over 100,000 people working in volunteer leadership today in the United States (that’s only 2,000 per State, which is realistic considering the number of hospitals, school districts, Girl Scout Councils, soccer leagues, nursing homes, and fire companies – just to name some sites – that have someone designated to recruit and work with volunteers). It’s time to communicate with them and invite them to join together to benefit themselves and the volunteers they lead.
- Support regional and state associations who, in turn, should support local DOVIAs and other networks. This can be a two-way street, of course, since right now I believe that those existing networks strong enough to take on the task ought to become the foundation of any new American association. It’s time to talk about “chapters” – something that was seen in the past as politically incorrect for some possibly legitimate reasons. But in 2006, if existing local and state groups band together voluntarily, everyone would win, without having to give up much independence to serve the needs of their geographic location plus be part of a national association.
- Advocate with national politicians and the federal government – Over time, issues arise that need national attention, from the income tax deduction for volunteer mileage to the Volunteer Immunity Act to including volunteer management professionals in Department of Homeland Security planning teams. An American association can be at the table, credibly representing us. [Note that one reason the US effectively wasted the opportunities of 2001’s International Year of Volunteers was that we had no professional association attempting to organize efforts in our country (see my Hot Topics from 2000 on this).]
- Interact with parallel national professional associations and organizations – An American association could collaborate with other existing national groups such as ASDVS (American Society of Directors of Volunteer Services, focused on healthcare, www.asdvs.org), Youth Service America (YSA, www.servenet.org), etc, etc. Further, it could advocate for our profession with associations representing those who affect us, such as the National Council of Nonprofit Associations (www.ncna.org), or associations of social workers, museums, or court administrators, etc., etc.
This is where a relationship with the Points of Light Foundation (www.pointsoflight.org) must be forged. Just as a local DOVIA or network of volunteer resource managers needs to collaborate with its local Volunteer Center (share resources, support each other, co-sponsor events, etc.), a national network needs to collaborate with The Foundation openly and continually. Both organizations are stronger independently, but with clearly-defined, compatible missions.
Volunteer Centers and Workplace Volunteer Programs focus on their settings and therefore, as organizations themselves, are legitimately part of Points of Light’s mission to promote and strengthen all sorts of volunteering in this country. Any replacement for AVA, however, is for individuals concerned with promoting and strengthening the profession of leadership of volunteers. The staff who run a workplace program or the directors of volunteer centers might want to join this new association for themselves personally, but that doesn’t change their company or center membership in The Foundation.
- Fill the gaps with a great conference – There was a time that training in how to be an effective volunteer program manager was rare, if non-existent in some areas. So the national conferences of the past provided a critical service for many years. Today, however, a national conference does not have to be a state conference on steroids! Rather than be limited to the same topics and presenters available throughout the year at other venues, a new national association might:
- Really work to publicize state and big city volunteer management training events around the country and encourage members to travel to those.
- Continue an annual introduction to the basics, thereby filling a need for those practitioners from geographic areas without such training.
- Focus its annual conference on issues, both to inform practitioners about what is or will be affecting their work, but also how to respond to these. There’s an attitude by some that issues are boring, impractical, and won’t generate conference attendance. It CAN be done in a very exciting way.
- Invite audiences to the conference for substantive interaction with members about mutual needs: executive directors, union reps, officers of all-volunteer associations, etc.
- Provide career development sessions, such as trainer training, writing retreats, etc., that are not cost-effective for smaller, local events to offer.
- Welcome international participation of all sorts, both attendees and presenters, but not simply to announce “X number of countries are here.” The event should do something to foster true exchange of ideas and perspectives among colleagues from different cultures.
I’m not suggesting that there should be no workshops on “how-to’s,” just that this is a limited perspective on what’s possible when we convene colleagues in one large group.
- Represent the USA at international gatherings, to international volunteerism organizations, and to any “congress” of national associations – thereby participating in building our profession internationally (to this end, I’d recommend a designated board position for international relations). Conversely, the association should be reporting back to Americans what is going on in other countries and encourage such things as group study tours abroad, job exchanges, etc.
- Obtain grant funds for American projects – much easier to do for one country than internationally, as more foundations are geographically-based.
- Respond to major internal crises – When all members come from the same country, they can respond collectively – and unapologetically – to their own national issues. For example, American colleagues had no opportunity to discuss (or strategize about) the implications on volunteering of September 11, 2001 on our work, nor the formation of the USA Freedom Corps, nor the aftermath of Hurricane Katrina. We need a forum in which we can talk as Americans to Americans, and take united action. Further, a national group can coordinate the efforts of colleagues in its country to help volunteer resource managers in other countries during times of need, such as responding to the tsunami disaster.
- Capture mass media attention – Television and radio are still nationally oriented, so there are more chances for a national association to shine the light on the profession.
- Develop credentialing within one country’s professional standards – While there are clearly universal good practices in volunteer management, there are enough differences country to country (in service provision, government regulations, legal limits, and so forth) that one credential cannot possibly “fit all.”
- Meaningful recognition and awards – It takes one to know one. A panel of judges that understands what a practitioner or volunteer effort had to go through to accomplish whatever is being submitted for an award can provide far more substantive recognition than a panel determining “this sounds interesting.”
Note that a national association doesn’t have to bar anyone from anywhere who wishes to join and participate. But someone choosing to become a member would know from the start that s/he is outside the geographic scope of the association and cannot expect services to be tailored for another culture.
As always, it’s now your turn to comment, question, or expand on my musings. I’m especially interested in your perspectives on:
- The idea of having state and local “chapters” of a new association, building on the strengths already out there in the field?
- The option for a North American association that provides a way for the US, Canada, and Mexico to thrive both separately and together?
- What a national conference might look like now that we are starting from scratch?
The term "infrastructure" is often used to describe the various national and local resources established to support volunteers, volunteer-involving agencies, and managers of volunteer resources. These include "peak bodies" such as National Offices or Centers for Volunteering, professional associations of VRMs, university programs teaching about the field, and more.
While everything on this site is about the profession of volunteer management, this section of the library offers materials discussing the "profession" as a profession -- issues about acceptance, education, career development, and so on. If you are looking for more information about the role of a volunteer resources manager (the functions and daily work activities), you will find all that in the other section of this A-Z library, "How-to's of Volunteer Management."
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